STURM, Jacob

Jacob Sturm was an influential politician in sixteenth-century Europe. He was born in 1489 in Strasbourg. Educated at Heidelberg and Freiburg, he was des­tined for a career in the church. Shaped first by the humanism of Jakob Wimp-feling,* he later came under the influence of Desiderius Erasmus* and other reforming currents in sixteenth-century Europe. In the early 1520s he converted to what became Protestantism. He was married in the 1520s; his wife died by 1529.
Sturm became one of the most important political figures of the first half of the sixteenth century in the Holy Roman Empire. In 1526 he became a member of Strasbourg's Privy Council, which dealt with foreign affairs. He worked to promote understanding and cooperation between two branches of the nascent Protestant movement, the Lutheran reform of northern Germany and the Zwing-lian reform of southern Germany and Switzerland. In this regard, he played a role at both the Colloquy of Marburg (1529) and the Diet of Augsburg (1530). In the 1530s he was important in the formation of the Schmalkaldic League, a league of Protestant princes and cities, and in both the 1530s and 1540s he sought continuing influence over its structure and policy. After the Schmalkaldic War and the defeat of the Protestant league, he sought reconciliation with Em­peror Charles V.* He did not give up his own Protestant views, but saw Cath­olics as truly Christian.
While primarily concerned with foreign affairs in these decades, Sturm also worked for the reform of the church in Strasbourg. He was also a member of the school board there from 1526 until his death and was particularly concerned with the reform of secondary education. A lessened engagement with the politics of the empire and a greater concern with local issues marked his last years. Sturm died in Strasbourg in 1553.
T. A. Brady, Jr., The Politics of the Reformation in Germany: Jacob Sturm (1489-1553) ofStrasbourg, 1997.
Mary Jane Haemig

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tropischer Sturm Jacob — Pazifische Taifunsaison 1999 Alle Stürme der Saison Bildung des ersten Sturms: 3. Januar 1999 Auflösung des letzten Sturms: 16. Dezember …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jacob Sturm — Nacimiento 1771 Núremberg, Alemania Fallecimiento 1848 (77 años) ibíd. Residencia Alemania Nacionalidad alemán …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jacob Sturm — (1771 1848) was the most famous engraver of entomological and botanical scientific publications in Germany at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century. He lived in NurenburgSturm became a celebrated insect collector and founded the… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob (Vorname) — Jacob ist ein männlicher Vorname. Zur Etymologie des Namens siehe Jakob. Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sturm (Name) — Sturm ist ein gebräuchlicher Familienname, der selten auch als Vorname vorkommt. Bekannte Namensträger Vorname Sturmius ( 705–779), Missionar und erster Abt des Klosters Fulda Sturm Kegel (1892–1979), Direktor des Siedlungsverbandes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sturm — significa tormenta en idioma alemán. En dialecto suizo alemán también se puede emplear como equivalente de vértigo (mir ist sturm). También puede referirse a alguno de los siguientes conceptos: Contenido 1 Miscelánea 2 Apellido 2.1 Personajes …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jacob Sturm — ist der Name folgender Personen: Jacob Sturm (Kupferstecher) (1771–1848), deutscher Kupferstecher und Naturforscher Jakob Sturm von Sturmeck (auch Jacob Sturm; 1489–1553), Straßburger Politiker und Bürgermeister Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck — Jacob (or Jakob, or Jacques) Sturm von Sturmeck (August 10, 1489 October 30, 1553), German statesman and reformer, was born at Strasbourg, where his father, Martin Sturm, was a person of some importance.He was educated at the universities of… …   Wikipedia

  • Sturm (surname) — Sturm is a surname, and may refer to:* Alexander McCormick Sturm, American artist and writer who was a co founder of Sturm, Ruger, a firearms manufacturer * Felix Sturm, German boxer, world champion * Florian Sturm, Austrian footballer * Jacques… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob Paix — im Alter von 33 Jahren Jacob Paix, (* 1556 in Augsburg; † ca. 1623 (?) vermutlich in Hilpoltstein) war ein deutscher Organist, Orgelbauer, Kapellmeister, Komponist und Herausgeber. Bekannt wurde er als Sammler eigener und fremder Musikstücke.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.